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Titre du projet Einfluss von gentechnisch veränderten Pflanzen (GV Pflanzen) in der Schweizer Landwirtschaft
Titre court / acronyme GM-Impact
Numéro du projet SNF Nr 405940-115674
Numéro du projet FiBL 20016
Résumé

The potential contribution of genetically modified plants (GM plants) to the sustainability of Swiss agricultural production systems is currently subject to intensive discussions in the public and in the scientific community.
This project analyses to what extent GM plants are able to contribute to Swiss agricultural and environmental policy goals. The project will test the impacts of GM plants in the context of conventional, integrated and low-input farming systems. It will develop scenarios of novel farming systems (conventional, integrated and organic/low input) which include GM plants. The sustainability of traditional (without GM plants) and novel (with GM plants) farming systems will be compared based on ecological and economic parameters. The analyses will be based on expert judgment by four competence teams (farming systems, GM plants, risk assessment and agroecology, economy). The process will be fully transparent and input from external sources will be explicitly welcome.

Site web officiel du projet

http://www.gm-impact.ch/

Description détaillée du projet

The principle of sustainable development has been anchored in the Swiss Federal Constitution since 1999 (Art. 2 and 73) and in the agriculture constitution (Art. 104) since 1996. The potential contribution of genetically modified plants (GM plants) to the sustainability of Swiss agricultural production systems is currently subject to intensive discussions in the public and in the scientific community. It is believed that the impact of novel agricultural technologies such as GM plants on ecological and economic parameters is context-sensitive. Therefore, the impacts of GM plants have to be analyzed in the context of conventional, integrated and lowinput farming systems. There are gaps in our knowledge relating to (i) the risks/benefits of GM plants at crop level, (ii) the changes in production systems (e.g. changes in crop rotations, perennial systems) over time due to novel traits of GM plants, and (iii) the economic impact associated with altered farming systems. The aim of the proposed study is therefore to (i) develop scenarios of novel farming systems (conventional, integrated and organic/low input) which include GM plants, and (ii) to conduct a comparative sustainability assessment of traditional and novel farming systems based on ecological and economic parameters. In order to obtain an adequate assessment we will rely on robust methodologies, expert judgment by competence teams and allow for additional input from external sources. The process will be fully transparent and input from external sources will be explicitly welcome and facilitated by a web-based discussion forum. By doing so, we will contribute to a science-based discussion of risks and benefits of GM plants in Switzerland and address questions about the extent to which GM plants are able to contribute to Swiss agricultural and environmental policy goals.

Etat du projet Terminé
Début du projet 01.01.2008
Fin du projet 31.12.2010
Financement

Swiss National Science Foundation (National Research Programme NRP 59)

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Date de modification 06.08.2019
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