Agriculture is jointly responsible for a considerable share of global greenhouse gas emissions. At the same time, the climate crisis is impacting agricultural production. Drought, heavy rainfall and other weather extremes are increasing. The answer must be stable, sustainable and climate-adapted agricultural production systems that reduce greenhouse gas emissions. FiBL Germany advises politicians and society on this issue.
This includes emissions from arable farming and animal husbandry, the impact of emissions on biodiversity, possible mitigation measures and the economic and social consequences for agriculture. Other consulting fields include the calculation of CO2 balances and the evaluation of future models for ecological agriculture. In the project "Impact assessment of the ecological, social and economic effects of the sector targets for 2030 of the German Federal Government's climate protection plan 2050", the most potent reduction measures identified were, for example, reduced animal husbandry and the rewetting of bogs in agricultural use.
FiBL also supports the development of measures and instruments for a holistic nitrogen strategy. The aim of the project "Instruments and measures for nitrogen reduction within the framework of the Baden-Württemberg Nitrogen Strategy" is, for example, to identify options for action for the further development of the nitrogen strategy in this federal state.
Organic farming practices lead to more stable ecosystems that can adapt better to the effects of the climate crisis. A higher humus content improves the water retention capacity of the soil and increases soil fertility. Such soils are less susceptible to drought, extreme rainfalls, flooding and waterlogging. Lower fertilisation levels, the absence of chemical pesticides and a variety of crop rotations increase the diversity and thus the stability of agro-ecosystems.